Section 146 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 – Explained!

Force or violence The word ‘force’ which has been defined under section 349 of the Code clearly explains the word in the context of causing motion, change of motion or cessation of motion with respect to human body, and therefore, the same meaning is intended in this section as well. But the word ‘violence’ has […]
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Section 147 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 – Explained!

It is perfectly legitimate to punish the accused persons only under this section even though they could not be convicted for the offence they allegedly committed in prosecution of the common object of the unlawful assembly because these charges could not be substantiated against them by evidence. In Ratnesh v. State, the charge of rioting […]
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Section 138 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 – Explained!

Whoever The word ‘whoever’ should be understood in the light of section 139 of the Code. Abets The word ‘abets’ derives its meaning from section 107 of the Code. Act of insubordination Any wilful breach of discipline by an officer, soldier, sailor or airman will be taken as an act of insubordination. The word ‘insubordination’ […]
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Section 135 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 – Explained!

Whoever The word ‘whoever’ should be read subject to what has been provided in section 139 of the Code. Abets The word ‘abets’ should be understood in the sense given under section 107 of the Code. Desertion The word ‘desertion’ has not been defined under the Code. But it may mean absence from duty of […]
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Section 134 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 – Explained!

Whoever The meaning of the word ‘whoever’ should be understood in the light of section 139 of the Code. Abets The word ‘abets’ has the same meaning as given under section 107 of the Code. Assault The word ‘assaults’ should normally be understood in the sense as given under section 351 of the Code even […]
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Section 125 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 – Explained!

This section is a reiteration of the age-old principle of peaceful co­existence of different countries of the world, especially neighbouring countries. Since India all along have been following the path of good and friendly relations with all other countries, especially its neighbours, this provision has been deliberately kept in the Indian Penal Code towards achieving […]
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Section 126 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 – Explained!

It is interesting to note that such property can be forfeited by law. The section punishes both the act and its preparation with the same punishment at the same very place. The word ‘depredation’ means act of plundering or preying upon. While section 125 is limited to waging, or attempting or abetting to wage war […]
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Section 127 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 – Explained!

Here again the law provides that the property so received can be forfeited. In other words, property received by waging war against an Asiatic Power, or committing depredation on the territory of any Power in alliance or at peace with the Government of India, has been made punishable under this section. One of the objects […]
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Section 121A of Indian Penal Code, 1860 – Explained!

This section does not distinguish between conspiracy within India and without, and punishment prescribed is same in both cases. The second part of the section says that whoever within or without India conspires to overawe, by means of criminal force or show of criminal force, the Central Government or any State Government, shall be punished […]
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Section 124A of Indian Penal Code, 1860 – Explained!

The language of the section at that time was different from the present section 124-A. Thereafter a new section 124-A was inserted in place of the old section by the Indian Penal Code (Amendment) Act, 1898 which was modified by the Adaptation of Laws and Orders of 1937, 1948 and 1950 and the Part  […]
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