Section 420 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 – Explained!

The section requires that the offender must commit the offence of cheating. He must thereby induce the victim to deliver any property to any person, including himself, or to make, alter or destroy the whole of a valuable security or any part of it, or anything which is signed or sealed and capable of being […]
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Section 421 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 – Explained!

The section requires the proof of dishonest or fraudulent intention on the part of the offender. With such intention he must either remove or conceal or deliver to any person, or transfer or cause to be transferred, any property without adequate consideration. By such act he must have intention to prevent or must have knowledge […]
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What is the Nature of the Right of Pre-emption?

The nature of the right of pre-emption has been a subject of some judicial controversy. Formerly, it was held by certain courts that pre-emption was 2 personal right of the claimant. Another view was that it was a proprietary right i.e. incident of property. Now the controversy has been resolved by the Supreme Court by […]
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Section 489B of Indian Penal Code, 1860 – Explained!

The section contemplates that the offender must sell to any other person or must buy or must receive from any other person or he must otherwise traffic in or must use as genuine any forged or counterfeit currency-note or bank note. He must do so with the knowledge or having reason to believe that the […]
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What are the Muslim Religious Endowments?

There cannot be a Shia mosque or a Sunni mosque or, mosque reserved for a particular sect of Islam. A public mosque is always a dedication and it becomes the property of God; therefore, every Muslim irrespective of the sect to which he belongs, has a legal right to offer prayers and perform ceremonies in […]
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Section 489A of Indian Penal Code, 1860 – Explained!

The explanation attached to the section says that for the purposes of sections 489-A, 489-B, 489-C, 489-D and 489-E, the expression ‘bank-note’ means a promissory note or engagement for the payment of money to bearer on demand issued by any person carrying on the business of banking in any part of the world, or issued […]
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Get Complete Information on Death-Bed Gifts under Muslim Law

There are two aspects of a gift made during death-illness; in its formation it is a pure gift but in its legal consequences it is a will. Describing the nature of a ‘gift during death-illness’ (donatio mortis causa) Buckley, L.J. observed that it is a gift of amphibious nature; not exactly a gift nor exactly […]
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Death-Bed Acknowledgement of Debts under Muslim Law

A Muslim may acknowledge a debt during his death-illness either in favour of a stranger i.e., non-heir or, in favour of a person who is one of his heirs. (a) Acknowledgement in favour of stranger: Where a Muslim makes any statement during Marz-ul-maut those he ewes certain debts to a person (who is not his […]
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Section 489D of Indian Penal Code, 1860 – Explained!

The section contemplates that the offender must make or perform any part of the process of making or must buy or sell or dispose of, or must have in his possession any machinery, instrument or material for the purpose of being used, or knowing or having reason to believe that it is intended to be […]
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Procedure of Revocation of Wills under Muslim Law

A will may be revoked either expressly or impliedly. Implied revocation is by implication. Where a will has been revoked by a testator, either expressly or impliedly, the legatee does not get the property bequeathed to him. Express Revocation: Revocation of a will is express if the testator makes a statement that he has rescinded […]
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