Article 55 lays down that as far as practicable; there shall be uniformity in the scale of representation of the different States at the election of the President. For the purpose of securing such uniformity among States, inter se as well as parity between the States as a whole and the Union, the number of votes which each elected members of Parliament and of the legislative Assembly of each State Is entitled to cast at such election, shall be determined in the following manner:
(a) Each elected member of the legislative Assembly of a State shall have as many votes as there are multiples of one thousand in the quotient obtained by dividing the population of the State by the total number of the elected members of the Assembly.
(b) If after the said multiples of one thousand, the remainder is not less than five hundred, then the vote of each member referred to in sub-clause (a) shall be further increased by one.
(c) Each elected member of either House of Parliament shall have such number of votes as may be obtained by dividing the total number of votes assigned to the members of legislative Assemblies of the States under sub-clauses (a) and (b) by the total number of the elected members of both houses of Parliament, fractions exceeding one-half being counted as one and other fractions disregarded.
The election of the President shall be held in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote and the voting of such election shall be by secret ballot.
The number of votes which a voter in Presidential election is eligible to vote for Presidential election may be mathematically represented as follows:
(1) The number of votes, a member of any Legislative Assembly is eligible to cast be determined in accordance with the following formula divided by total number of elected members of State Assembly.
If the remainder after dividing by 1000 is 500 or more, then the vote of each member shall be increased by one vote.
(2) The number of votes of a Member of Parliament shall be determined in accordance with the following method
Total votes assigned to members of all State Assemblies divided by total number of elected members of both Houses of Parliament, if the fraction exceeds one-half then the vote of each M.P., it will further be increased by one vote.
Procedure for Impeachment of the President
Article 61 of the Indian Constitution lays down the procedure for the Impeachment of the President. The provisions of Article 61 are as follows:
According to Article 61 (1), when a President is to be impeached for violation of the Constitution, the charge shall be preferred by either House of Parliament. According to Article 61(2). No such charge shall be preferred unless:
(a) The proposal to prefer such charge is contained In a resolution which has been moved after at least fourteen days notice in writing signed by not less than one-fourth of the total number of the members of the House has given their intention to move the resolution, and
(b) Such resolution has been passed by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the total membership of the House.
According to Article 61 (3), when a charge has been so preferred by either House of the Parliament, the other House shall investigate the charge of cause to be investigated and the Parliament shall have the right to appear and to be represented to such Investigation.
According to Article 61(4), if as a result of the investigation a resolution is passed by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the total membership of caused to be investigated declaring that the charge preferred against the President, has been sustained, such resolution shall have the effect of removing the President from the office as from the date on which the resolution Is so passed.