Short Speech on Westernisation

Modernisation is synonymous with Westernisation in cases where underdeveloped societies use western models to bring about a social change in their societies. However, according to Prof. M.N. Srinivas, the term Westernisation is ethically neutral, in that, it does not claim to be a process of social change that is good or bad for the society. Most authors, however, regard modernisation as a positive and desirable change in any society.

Westernisation in India can be classified into three prominent phases: pre-British, pre-independence and post-independence westernisation.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

Prior to the British reign, India was a highly traditional society that afforded few opportunities for social change. Westernisation initiated India’s transition from an extremely rigid and static society that it was, to a dynamic and flexible society which it is today. Westernisation also facilitated industrialisation, urbanisation and secularisation in India.

In the pre-independence period, the British rule brought with it western influences that triggered fundamental changes in the Indian society. The growth of science and technology, the advancement of transport and communication, the invention of the printing press, the institution of an intricate and orderly bureaucratic structure, the introduction of a new educational and legal system, the establishment of a uniform police service and a new army structure, brought about a gradual ideological change in the Indian society.

Individualism and humanitarianism were encouraged and this lead to social reforms that put an end to many social injustices. Religious customs became subject to law and reason. These factors presented opportunities for an accelerated social mobility in British India.

Post-independence, the western societies of Europe, America and Canada have greatly influenced social change in India. These changes are evident in almost all facets of daily life, be it the mode of dressing, hair styles, music and dancing preferences, use of slang and abuses or the fast-food (Coke and McDonald) culture.

Related Articles

Short Speech on the Educational Functions of Religion

Religion should always mean performing of duties. The first field of performing duties is this world (Ih-Lok). Karma- Kshetra (the field of action) is another name for Dharm-Kshetra (field of religions). The man who succeeds in the Karma- Kshetra of this world is entitled to reach the other world (Parlok). Therefore, religion should prepare man […]
Read more

Legal Provisions Regarding the Maintenance of Hindu Widow – Explained!

But the Hindu Women’s Right to property Act, 1937 as amended by Act XI of 1938 has taken away the right of a Hindu widow whose husband was, at his death, a member or a joint Hindu family possessed of property, to claim maintenance under the Hindu Law from the other members of the family. […]
Read more
Search for:
x

Hi!
I'm Rebecca!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out