This kind of punishment was implemented at the time of the British Rule. After independence, it was abolished by the independent Indian Government. Whipping is a common punishment in the Islamic countries, Singapore, China, etc.
It is a kind of punishment. Banishment is a punishment inflicted upon criminals, by compelling them to quit the country for a specified period of time, or for life; transportation or exile by way of punishment for crime; expulsion or deportation by the political authority on the ground of expediency.
“Extermination” means to drive beyond the boundaries. The act of banishing or compelling a citizen to leave his country or place of residence by political or judicial authority.
A person banished is not put in prison. He is ordered to leave the country for a specific period. This punishment was in practice in India during the British reign. After independence it was abolished.
A person banished from one country can live happily in another country with all civil rights. Generally, this punishment is imposed on political grounds and reasons. Nawaz Sharif, ex-Prime Minister of Pakistan, Benzir Bhutto and her husband were sent away from Pakistan. However this type of punishment is not in practice in India.
3. Corporal punishment:
In its primary and restricted meaning, punishment upon the body, such as whipping, as distinguished from punishment of the body, such as imprisonment. In its enlarged meaning, all kinds of punishments of, are inflicted upon the body, including imprisonment.
In certain countries, especially in the Islamic countries, stoning the convict is one of the rigid punishments. Still it is in practice in those countries.
“Ampute” means “to cut off a limb”. In olden and uncivilized days, amputation of limbs was one of the rigid punishments. Even till to-day in certain Islamic countries this kind of punishment is in force. It is based on retributive theory, viz., “an eye for an eye”, “a tooth for a tooth”. In India, it is not in practice.